by Herbert Mühlenbrink
The ingenious mixture of tragic opera, enigmatic magic and funny folk theater seems to break all genre boundaries. Mozart's last stage work is a wise fairy tale opera and world theater at the same time - at the intersection of historical and social upheavals. 1791, the year of the premiere of the "Magic Flute", marks the beginning of the transition from the Enlightenment to the Romantic period. The experiences from the French Revolution are reflected in this opera as well as the awakening artistic interest in the night and dark sides of the human soul, in the repressed and irrational. The spheres of power of Queen of the Night and Sarastro, who kidnapped Pamina, the Queen's daughter, stand like two sides of a coin to educate her in accordance with his teachings. With the order to free the beloved daughter, the queen sends Prince Tamino to Sarastro's realm, and with him the naive bird catcher Papageno. The Magic Flute and Glockenspiel are said to help banish dangers.